Food – Spanish Vocabulary

Posted on 25th December 2013 in Vocabulary

Foods – Spanish Vocabulary

By Russell Sabo

Foods - Spanish Vocabulary

Part of learning a language is learning the culture, and there’s no greater way of learning a culture than by sampling its many different foods. Spanish speakers eat many of the same things as us English speakers, and many things that are different; some are very different. But no matter what he or she eats, a Spanish speaker is going to say the name of a food in Spanish, not English. There are very few foods that share the same name in English and Spanish. However, there are the very popular foods that we all know (and love), like tacos, burritos, tortillas, tostadas, etc.

In this article, I’ll be focusing on the names of the common foods and food groups. This will help to demystify the Spanish menu, especially when you realize that “ajo” and “champiñones” are actually “garlic” and “mushrooms,” and not some exotic food from the far reaches of South America. I know, this ruins a little bit of the fun until you realize that your friends are still mystified and you’re the only person in the group who can read the menu.

I’ll also be putting more of a focus on simple foods, many that contain just one ingredient. Many of the prepared dishes have their own names that don’t have an equivalent in English, and in the interest of keeping it simple, simple foods that could be read out of a Spanish cookbook as ingredients will be used.

As always, if you see a word you think is incorrect or if you have some ideas of words to add, feel free to add them or correct me in the Comments section below.

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Red Meats – Carne Roja

  • bacon – el tocino, la panceta
  • beef – la carne de vaca
  • beefsteak – bistec
  • chop – la chuleta
  • ground beef – carne molida
  • ham – el jamón
  • hamburger – la hamburguesa
  • hot dog – el perrito caliente
  • kidney (kidneys) – el riñon (los riñones)
  • lamb – el cordero
  • lamb chop – la chuleta de cordero
  • leg of lamb – pierna de cordero
  • liver – el higado
  • meat – la carne
  • meatballs – las albóndigas
  • mutton – la carne de cordero
  • oxtail – la cola de buey
  • pâté – el paté
  • pig’s feet – patas de cerdo
  • pork – el cerdo, la carne de cerdo
  • pork chop – la chuleta de cerdo
  • pork fillet – el lomo de cerdo
  • rabbit – el conejo
  • ribs – las costillas
  • salami – el salami
  • sausage – la salchicha, las longanizas
  • sirloin – el solomillo
  • steak – el filete, el lomo
  • stew – el estofado, el guiso
  • suckling pig – cochinillo
  • tongue – la lengua
  • tripe – tripas
  • veal – la ternera
  • venison – venado

Poultry – Carne de Ave

  • capon – el capón
  • chicken – el pollo
  • duck – el pato
  • egg – el huevo
  • goose – el ganso
  • partridge – perdiz
  • pheasant – el faisán
  • quail – la codorniz
  • turkey – el pavo

Dairy – Lácteo

  • butter – la mantequilla
  • cheese – el queso
  • cream – la crema
  • ice cream – el helado
  • milk – la leche
  • sour cream – nata agria
  • yogurt – yogur

Seafood – Mariscos

  • anchovy – la anchoa
  • bass – el mero
  • clam – la almeja
  • cod – el bacalao
  • crab – el cangrejo
  • crayfish – el langostino
  • dogfish – cazón
  • eel – la anguila
  • fish – pescado
  • haddock – el róbalo
  • herring – el arenque
  • lamprey – la lamprea
  • lobster – la langosta
  • mackerel – la caballa, la makerela
  • monkfish – el rape
  • mussel – el mejillón
  • octopus – el pulpo
  • oyster – la ostra
  • perch – la perca
  • red snapper – huachinango, pargo rojo
  • salmon – el salmón
  • sardine – la sardina
  • scallop – la venera
  • shellfish – el crustáceo, los mariscos
  • shrimp – el camarón, los camarónes
  • snail – el caracol
  • sole – lenguado
  • squid – el calamar
  • swordfish – el pez espada
  • trout – la trucha
  • tuna – el atún

Vegetables – Las Verduras

  • artichoke – la alcachofa
  • asparagus – el espárrago
  • beans – los frijoles, las habas, las judías
  • beet – betabel, la remolacha
  • black beans – alubias negras
  • bok choy – col china
  • broccoli – el brécol, el brócoli
  • Brussels sprouts – la col de Bruselas
  • cabbage – la col, el repollo
  • capers – las alcaparras
  • carrot – la zanahoria
  • cassava – yuca
  • cauliflower – la coliflor
  • cayenne pepper – pimienta cayena
  • celery – el apio
  • chayote – chayote
  • chickpeas – garbanzos
  • chile pepper – chile
  • chives – cebollinos
  • corn – el maíz
  • cucumber – el pepino
  • eggplant – la berenjena
  • fava bean – haba
  • French fries, chips – las papas fritas
  • garlic – el ajo
  • green beans – ejotes
  • green onions – las cebollitas
  • kale – el col verde
  • kidney beans – alubias rojas
  • leek – el puerro
  • lentil – la lenteja
  • lettuce – la lechuga
  • mushroom – el champiñón, el hongo
  • onion – la cebolla
  • parsley – el perejil
  • parsnips – las chirivias
  • pea – arvejas, los guisantes, chícharo
  • pepper (green, red) – el pimiento (verde, rojo)
  • pickles – pepinillos
  • potato – la papa, la patata
  • pumpkin – la calabaza, el zapallo
  • radish – el rábano
  • shallot – la chalota
  • spinach – la espinaca
  • sweet corn – helote
  • sweet potato – batata, boniato, camote
  • tomato – el tomate
  • turnip – el nabo
  • watercress – el berro
  • zucchini – el calabacín

Grains – Granos

  • amaranth – el amaranto
  • barley – la cabada
  • bran – el salvado
  • bread – el pan
  • buckwheat – el trigo negro
  • oats – la avena
  • rice – el arroz
  • wheat – el trigo

Nuts – Las Nueces

  • Brazil nut – la nuez de Brasil
  • cashew – al anacardo
  • chestnut – la castaña
  • hazelnut – la avellana
  • nut – la nuez
  • peanut – el cacahuete, mani
  • walnut – la nuez

Fruits – Las Frutas

  • apple – la manzana
  • apricot – al albaricoque
  • avocado – el aguacatebanana – el banano, el plátano
  • berry – la baya
  • blackberry – la mora, la zarzamora
  • blueberry – el arándano
  • cantaloupe – melón
  • cherry – la cereza
  • chokecherry – capulín
  • coconut – el coco
  • cranberry – el arándana
  • date – el dátil
  • dragonfruit – la pitahaya
  • fig – el higo
  • gooseberry – ribes, uva-crispa
  • grape – la uva
  • grapefruit – el pomelo, la toronja
  • guava – la guayaba
  • kiwi – el kiwi
  • lemon – el limón
  • lime – la lima
  • loquat – el nispero
  • lychee – lichi
  • mandarin – la mandarina
  • mango – el mango
  • melon – el melón
  • nectarine – la nectarina
  • olive – la aceituna, el olivo
  • orange – la naranjo
  • papaya – la papaya
  • passion fruit – la grenadilla, la maracuyá
  • peach – el durazno,el melocotón
  • pear – la pera
  • pineapple – la piña
  • plantain – el plátano
  • plum – la ciruela
  • pomegranate – la granada
  • prune – la ciruela seca
  • quince – el membrillo
  • raisin – la pasa
  • raspberry – la frambuesa
  • rhubarb – el ruibarbo
  • soursop – la guanábana
  • star apple – el caimito
  • strawberry – la fresa
  • tamarind – el tamarindo
  • tangerine – la mandarina
  • watermelon – la sandia

 

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