The Future Perfect Tense

Posted on 16th December 2013 in Conjugation

The Future Perfect Tense

by Russell Sabo

The future perfect tense, or el futuro perfecto, is used to refer to an action that happened BEFORE another future action (simple future tense, not future perfect). It can also be used to express probability. Very often you will notice the words “cuando” – “when” and “ya” – “already” used with the future perfect tense.

  • Cuando habrás matado la vaca, la comeremos. – When you will have butchered the cow, we will eat it.
  • Habrá habido un concierto. – There must have been a concert.

How to Form the Future Perfect Tense

Click here to learn more about the Future Perfect Tense – Learning Spanish Like Crazy Level 3 Nivel 3

  1. The future perfect tense is a compound tense, meaning that it will use the future form of the auxiliary verb Haber (to have).
  2. Use the needed form of haber + the verb with the past participle.
    • (yo) Hablar – Habr receives “é” becoming “Habré hablado”. Yo habré hablado.
    • (tú) Hablar – Habr receives “ás” becoming “Habrás hablado”. Tú habrás hablado.
    • (Usted, él, ella) Hablar – Habr receives “á” becoming “Habrá hablado”. Usted habrá hablado. Él habrá hablado. Ella habrá hablado.
    • (nosotros/as) Hablar – Habr receives “emos” becoming “Habremos hablado”. Nosotros/as habremos hablado.
    • (vosotros/as) Hablar – Habr receives “éis” becoming “Habréis hablado”. Vosotros/as habréis hablado.
    • (Ustedes, ellos, ellas) Hablar – Habr receives “án” becoming “Habrán hablado”. Ustedes habrán hablado. Ellos habrán hablado. Ellas habrán hablado.
  3. For verbs that normally end with ER and IR, add the same endings as the AR verbs to the future root of Haber, but use the normal past participle with the verb itself.
    • (yo) Comer – Habr receives “é” becoming “Habré comido”. Yo habré comido.
    • (tú) Comer – Habr receives “ás” becoming “Habrás comido”. Tú habrás comido.
    • (Usted, él, ella) Comer – Habr receives “á” becoming “Habrá comido”. Usted habrá comido. Él habrá comido. Ella habrá comido.
    • (nosotros/as) Comer – Habr receives “emos” becoming “Habremos comido”. Nosotros/as habremos comido.
    • (vosotros/as) Comer – Habr receives “éis” becoming “Habréis comido”. Vosotros/as habréis comido.
    • (Ustedes, ellos, ellas) Comer – Habr receives “án” becoming “Habrán comido”. Ustedes habrán comido. Ellos habrán comido. Ellas habrán comido.
    • (yo) Vivir – Habr receives “é” becoming “Habré vivido”. Yo habré vivido.
    • (tú) Vivir – Habr receives “ás” becoming “Habrás vivido”. Tú habrás vivido.
    • (Usted, él, ella) Vivir – Habr receives “á” becoming “Habrá vivido”. Usted habrá vivido. Él habrá vivido. Ella habrá vivido.
    • (nosotros/as) Vivir – Habr receives “emos” becoming “Habremos vivido”. Nosotros/as habremos vivido.
    • (vosotros/as) Vivir – Habr receives “éis” becoming “Habréis vivido”. Vosotros/as habréis vivido.
    • (Ustedes, ellos, ellas) Vivir – Habr receives “án” becoming “Habrán vivido”. Ustedes habrán vivido. Ellos habrán vivido. Ellas habrán vivido.
  4. Here are the conjugated verbs once again with their meanings.
    • Habr+é=yo habré hablado (I will have spoken), yo habré comido (I will have eaten), yo habré vivido (I will have lived)
    • Habr+ás=tú habrás hablado (you will have spoken), tú habrás comido (you will have eaten), tú habrás vivido (you will have
      lived)
    • Habr+á=Usted habrá hablado (you (formal) will have spoken), él habrá hablado (he will have spoken), ella habrá hablado (she will have spoken)
    • Habr+á=Usted habrá comido (you (formal) will have eaten), él habrá comido (he will have eaten), ella habrá comido (she will have eaten)
    • Habr+á=Usted habrá vivido (you (formal) will have lived), él habrá vivido (he will have lived), ella habrá vivido (she will have lived)
    • Habr+emos=nosotros/as habremos hablado (we will have spoken), nosotros/as habremos comido (we will have eaten), nosotros/as habremos vivido (we will have lived)
    • Habr+éis= vosotros/as habréis hablado (you all (informal) will have spoken), vosotros/as habréis comido (you all (informal) will have eaten), vosotros/as habréis vivido (you all (informal) will have lived)
    • Habr+án=Ustedes habrán hablado (you all (formal) will have spoken), Ustedes habrán comido (you all (formal) will have eaten), Ustedes habrán vivido (you all (formal) will have lived)
    • Habr+án=ellos habrán hablado (they (males or a mixed group) will have spoken), ellos habrán comido (they (males or a mixed group) will have eaten), ellos habrán vivido (they (males or a mixed group) will have lived)
    • Habr+án=ellas habrán hablado (they (all females) will have spoken), ellas habrán comido (they (all females) will have eaten), ellas habrán vivido (they (all females) will have lived)

Future Perfect Tense and Reflexive Verbs

The reflexive pronoun will appear in front of the conjugated form of Haber.

  • Despertarse – to wake up
  • me habré despertado
  • te habrás despertado
  • se habrá despertado
  • nos habremos despertado
  • os habréis despertado
  • se habrán despertado

Hay and the Future Perfect Tense

When you use the future perfect tense of the word “Hay”, which means “there is” or “there are” you will use “habrá habido” – there will have been.

  • Habrá habido diez partidos de tenis para mañana. – There will have been ten tennis matches by tomorrow.
  • Habrá habido muchos partidos. – There will have been many matches.

To say that “it will have been necessary to” you will use “habrá habido que” + infinitive.

  • Habría habido que firmar los documentos para recibir el pasaporte. – It will have been necessary to sign the documents in order to receive the passport.

When to Use the Future Perfect Tense

The future perfect tense is used to speak of an action that occurred before another future action. It’s also used to convey probability in the same way as the simple future tense.

Future Actions

Use the future perfect tense to speak of an action that occured before another future action.

  • Cuando tú habrás visto la película, irás a casa. – When you will have seen the movie, you will go home.
  • Nosotros ya habremos comido para las ocho. – We will already have eaten by eight o’clock.
  • Yo no lo habré vendido para entonces. – I won’t have sold it by then.

Expressing Probability

You can also use the future perfect tense to speak of probability.

  • Habrá habido una tormenta. – There must have been a storm.
  • Ella habrá manejado el carro. – She must have driven the car.
  • ¿Quién habrá dicho tal cosa? – Who could have said such a thing?

Other Uses of the Future Perfect Tense

If you’re not quite sure you believe something, or you have reservations about someone else’s view of reality, you can use the future perfect tense to express your opinions.

  • Juan habrá ganado la carrera pero no aparece en su carro en la revisión. – Juan might have won the race but he doesn’t appear in his car in the review. (Was he REALLY in his car when the race was won?)

 

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Click here to learn more about the Future Perfect Tense – Learning Spanish Like Crazy Level 3 Nivel 3
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